G9 Kids and the Law Guardian ad Litem (Guardián ad Litem) a person appointed by the court to act in one of several different roles: as an independent adult to advise the child, to stand in for a parent in a legal pro- ceeding, to investigate issues and report to the court, to stand in for a party and direct the attorney as a “next friend,” to determine whether to keep or waive a child’s privilege to have a confidential relationship with a licensed profession- al. Sometimes a guardian ad litem is referred to as a “G.A.L.” Hearing (Audiencia) a general term for a legal proceeding before a judge or clerk magistrate. Indictment (Acusación formal) a formal document sent to the court by the grand jury (see above) alleging that a specific person committed a specific offense. Jury (Jurado) a group of six adults in a delinquency trial (12 in a youthful offender trial) ran- domly selected to consider the evidence presented at trial and decide if the Commonwealth (the government as represented by the ADA) has proven be- yond a reasonable doubt that the defendant committed the alleged offense. Least restrictive alternative (alternativa menos restrictiva) an important legal principle that requires the government (which may be the court or a state agency) to choose the least intrusive option when it makes a decision that limits a person’s basic rights. MassHealth (MassHealth) the Massachusetts Medicaid Program that provides health benefits for people who meet specific eligibility criteria. Usually a person who has a disability or falls under a certain income level qualifies for MassHealth. Misdemeanor (Delito menor) a lesser crime such as trespassing or shoplifting. For adults, misdemeanors are crimes where the maximum penalty is incarceration in a county house of cor- rection for not more than two and one-half years. Motion to suppress (Moción para excluir pruebas) a request by a defense attorney that certain statements and/or objects not be admitted into evidence because they were illegally obtained by the police. Glossary G