71 Kids and the Law services the school will provide or pay for to meet the child’s special education needs. The IEP has a section about how the child is currently performing based on test results and the assessment of the child by the child’s teachers. Another section includes what the child is expected to learn and how the child can best be taught. The Program includes specific, measurable goals so that everyone can see whether progress is being made. The IEP also describes the educa- tional setting and the kinds of special education and related services the child needs to attain these goals (for example, whether a child needs to be in a small classroom or have individual tutoring). What is the goal of Special Education Services and the IEP? Because all children are entitled to attend school in the least restrictive en- vironment, students with disabilities must be educated to the greatest extent possible with students without disabilities and participate in the General Cur- riculum. The IEP describes the special education services needed to address the child’s specific and individual disabilities so that the child can be educat- ed in the least restrictive setting. School systems must provide the necessary services to meet this goal. Services may be provided in a variety of settings, including regular education classes, one-to-one sessions, special classes, spe- cial day schools, residential programs, home instruction, and instruction in hospitals or other institutions. What if the child has needs beyond those covered in the “General Curriculum?” Other educational needs such as help with behavior or communication may also be included in the IEP. What rights do parents or guardians have in the process? Parents or guardians have the right to participate in all the meetings in which the child’s educational plan or program is discussed and to accept or reject the services offered. If they do not speak English, the school must provide an inter- preter. Parents or guardians can bring another person (for example, a friend, relative, advocate, or even a lawyer) to the meeting. Special Education Issues 7